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The Civil War
Battle of Chattanooga

This is the story of the 1863 Siege and Battles for Chattanooga, including the Battle of Chickamauga. It discusses the strategic importance of Chattanooga and each of the six battles fought during and immediately after the siege.

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The sources used in developing this site are listed below. If sources differ as to events or facts, we used what we considered the most reliable or we gave ranges or options for the events or facts.   Begin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 






Index

 

1 - Home

Introduction
Background
Sources - Other WebSites

 2 - Chickamauga

Outmaneuvered
The Tide Turns
The Gap

3 - The Siege

Statistics
The Siege Begins

4 - Browns Ferry

Starving in Chattanooga
Starving in Chattanooga
The Cracker Line
The Army of the Potomac

5 - Wauhatchie

Down the Mountain
Wauhatchie
Smith's Hill
Longstreet's Exit
Sherman's Entrance

 

6 -Orchard Knob

The Test
Bragg's Situation - Nov. 24
Grant's Plan

7 - Lookout Mountain

Hooker's Strategy
Up the Mountain
The Heaviest Fighting

8 -Missionary Ridge

The Final Days
The Army of the Tennessee
The Army of the Cumberland
The Army of the Potomac
The Retreat

9 - Ringgold Gap

The Last Stand
Dreams of Glory
Shattered Dreams
After the Siege
- Pictures -
- Maps -


 
Chattanooga
Gateway to the
Heart of the Confederacy

 

 

 

he Civil War began on April 12, 1861. For Jefferson Davis and the Confederacy, it was a defensive war. They didn't have to attack and defeat the Union Armies. To win, they needed only to hold out long enough to turn public sentiment in the North against the war. For Lincoln and the Union, it was a different story. They had no choice but to attack, and to win they had to decisively defeat the Confederate Armies and crush the Confederate morale. Lincoln knew there was only one way to accomplish this - an invasion into the heart of the Confederacy.  Davis

In the fall of 1863, after 2-1/2 years of bloody fighting, anti-war sentiment in the North was growing. The Union's decisive defeat at Chickamauga in September served only to increase the anti-war sentiment while strengthen Confederate morale. Time was running out for Lincoln and the Union. An invasion had to be mounted soon.  Lincoln

The Presidential election was just a year away and Lincoln already doubted his chances of reelection. He had to launch an invasion within the next six to eight months, otherwise his chances of reelection, and those of an undivided Nation, were slim.

Chattanooga, with its extensive railroad network, was the key. If Lincoln was to launch his invasion in time to save his presidency (and the Union) he needed Chattanooga. Without it, an invasion could not be launched in time.

Chattanooga was a railroad hub with lines extending north to Knoxville and Nashville, west to Memphis (all under Union control), and south to Atlanta.

The railroad was critical in supplying a large invading army. If the Confederates controlled Chattanooga, Lincoln would not be able to support a major invasion.

It's the fall of 1863 in the mountains of southeast Tennessee and northwest Georgia. The colors are beautiful, but the rains are heavy and a cold morning frost covers the ground. We start with the events leading up to Chattanooga including the Battle at Chickamauga. We then discuss the facts surrounding each battle comprising the siege and capture of Chattanooga. The battles we've included are:

The Battle for Brown's Ferry
The Battle at Wauhatchie
The Battle for Orchard Knob
The Battle for Lookout Mountain
The Battle for Missionary Ridge
The Battle at Ringgold Gap

 

Research Sources

Mountains Touched With Fire by Wiley Sword

Echoes of Battle - The Struggle for Chattanooga by Richard A. Baumgartner and Larry M. Strayer

The Fight for Chattanooga by Jerry Korn

Chattanooga - A Death Grip on the Confederacy by James Lee McDonough

 

Other Related WebSites

Tennessee Civil War Battle Map
Civil War Homepage
Chickamauga and Ringgold
Blue Gray Trail -Chattanooga and Chickamauga
Confederate Clipart Homepage
Images from Civil War Clipart Gallery
Judy's Clipart
joerg meissner

Visitor's HomePage

Chattanooga & Lookout Mtn. - guided hiking adventures and walking tours - other outdoor activities - pictures - trail map - description of the hiking trails on Lookout Mtn.

Other Historical WebSites


Andrew's Raiders and The Great Locomotive Chase - is the exciting story of the 1862 Great Locomotive Chase which ended just outside Chattanooga.

Pre-Civil War History - discusses The Indians, Early Settlers, The Trail of Tears, the Indian Wars and more.

Post-Civil War History - discusses The Railroads, The Incline Wars, The Yellow Fever Epidemic, the Famous Attractions and more.

 

 

 

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Map  |  Next

Other Chattanooga &
Lookout Mtn. Excursions WebSites

Chattanooga - Lookout Mountain HomePage

Andrews Raiders & The Great Locomotive Chase

Pre-Civil War History

Post Civil War History

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